Monday, May 25, 2020

“What Were the Major Reasons for the Creation of the State...

07677 SOUTH WEST ASIA ASSIGNMENT 1 â€Å"WHAT WERE THE MAJOR REASONS FOR THE CREATION OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL? WAS THE BALFOUR DECLARATION THE TURNING POINT IN THE ZIONIST QUEST FOR ISRAEL?† Lecturer: Ms S. Chappell Student: Mark Walker-Roberts Lecture / Tutorial Group: Wednesday 9 - 12 p.m. Due Date: 04 September, 1996 INTRODUCTION The state of Israel emerged on May 15, 1948. It was the first Jewish state to be established in nearly 2,000 years and was the culmination of efforts by the Jews to secure a homeland for themselves. This paper will explore the major reasons for its creation. It will be shown to be a long enduring quest that has biblical origins. Subsequently both biblical history and geography will be worthy of†¦show more content†¦Palestine is the Holy Land of three of the world’s major religions - Islam, Judaism and Christianity. They all have significant historical and religious sites in this region. (Harper, 1986, p.17) The biblical claim, supported by the historical claim by the Jews, is at the heart of the major reasons for the creation of the state of Israel. Its creation was based on the belief by Jews that the land was promised to them by God. Even though there has been a series of ‘take overs’ and occupations by others in this area and the occurrence of numerous ‘persecutions’ of Jews (which will be commented on later 4 in greater detail) worldwide since, causing other reasons for Jews to seek refuge in a homeland of their own, the Biblical reasons should not be underestimated as a major factor for the state of Israel being realised in the first place. It was after Jewish exile and disaspora thereafter worldwide and the subsequent ramifications of this that caused renewed motivation for the creation of the Jewish state. One such example came in the form of Zionism. ZIONISM Since the abovementioned exile, the Jews experienced a broad disaspora and settled in numerous parts of the world, notably Europe and the United States. There had been many persecutions of the Jews during this period. In particular, this occurred during the nineteenth century in Russia and eastern Europe, where there were manyShow MoreRelatedEssay on Israels Controversy1036 Words   |  5 Pages Israel is a high controversial state that all have differing opinions on. There are many things that make Israel a hot topic. In order to discover why Israel is so controversial, this paper will delve into the creation of Israel, and how it affects the area around it. Israel was created on November 29, 1947 by the United Nations in Resolution 181. Resolution 181, also known as the Partition Resolution, declared that the territory of Palestine would be divided into two separate states, one JewishRead MoreEssay on The Importance of Holocaust In the Establishment of Israel900 Words   |  4 PagesImportance of Holocaust In the Establishment of Israel The holocaust seems to be a major reason in the establishment of the state of Israel. The state of Israel was created in May 1948; the Jews finally had a homeland of their own. There were a variety of long-term causes such as the Balfour Declaration, Zionist movement and short-term causes such as the holocaust and the influence of the USA. The area, which is now called Israel, was part of Palestine; it was under BritishRead MorePeace Negotiations in International Security1477 Words   |  6 Pageslong time, got adequate focus. Tale of oil rich ME is a story of conflicts having Israel-Palestine issue at the core, and the stability and peace of this region largely hinged on to the solution of this issue. So far, a number of unsuccessful initiatives have been taken by world community for the solution of the issue. ‘Roadmap for peace’ was one of such initiative, initially coined by USA, which calls for a two state solution. Like other past initiatives this also turned into a failure. Though theRead MoreArab Israeli Conflict Between Arab Nations And Israel1508 Words   |  7 Pagesconflicts amongst certain Arab nations and Israel. The conflict began as a struggle over land, or the area now known as Palestine. This conflict began at the end of the nineteenth century with the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism. Arab nationalism was a reaction response to Zionism in relatio n to this conflict. While the Arab nation initiated four wars, Israel defended itself and won each time. What use to be a large-scale conflict between the Arab nation and Israel, as shifted over the years to a moreRead MoreThe Influence of the US and USSR in the Palestinian-Isreaeli Conflict1018 Words   |  4 Pagesmovement of Jews immigrating to the Middle East to establish a homeland for all Jews in what was now Israel after being displaced for many years. This led to conflict between the Arabs and the Jews about who had rights to this homeland, with both the Arab Muslims and the Jewish Israelis having biblical claims to the cities in the Middle East. This conflict was further fuelled by both the USA and the USSR as they were trying to spread their sphere of influence by supplying aid in the form of weapons,Read MoreWe Need a Precise Definition of Terrorism Essays1568 Words   |  7 PagesAssembly, he made the argument that the actions taken by his government were not acts of t errorism, but these were acts of revolution and their purpose was to regain control of Palestine’s occupied original territory. The problem we confront is, there is no internationally agreed upon definition of terrorism and the international community should be able to come up with one. The major hurdle in defining is the states’ ideas of what terrorism is. When Yasser Arafat addressed the United Nations GeneralRead MoreArab Nation’s Position Towards Israel1500 Words   |  6 Pages Arab Nation’s Position Towards Israel The Arab nations in the middle east have for the most part of Israel’s existence been hostile. Arab nations share a tie with the Palestinians who believe they belong to the land on which Israel sits and the Arab nations have supported them in most cases. The Arab nation’s hostile position towards Israel continued through the War of Independence, the Sinai-Suez War, the Six Day War, the War of Attrition, and the Yom Kippur War. After the Arab nation’s longRead MoreThe Big Bang Theory And Evolution1612 Words   |  7 PagesCreation Theory A young man who is a senior in college has the opportunity of a lifetime to conduct research with professors in Israel on geological fossils for his major in Earth Science. He had never been out of the United States before and only knew what he had been taught: the big bang theory and evolution. Israel is made up of a very strong Jewish community and, as this young man would soon find out, they did not view geological findings through the Big Bang theory, but through the BiblicalRead MoreThe Bible : The God Of Creation1013 Words   |  5 Pagestells one big story. There are five acts of the biblical metanarrative consists of which are, Act I: The God of Creation, Act II: Sin Enters the World, Act III: God Covenants with Israel, Act IV: Jesus and the New Covenant, and Act V: The Fellowship of believers. Each of these Acts have stories about the life of Jesus that has a meaning Christians relate to. Act I: The God of Creation is the beginning of the biblical metanarrative where it talks about God is one and only in the book of Genesis.Read MoreThe Conflict Between The Jews And The Middle East1347 Words   |  6 PagesSuicide bombing played a major role in these acts of revenge, the first being in 2001. Lastly the lack of separation between church and state in Israel hinders compromise greatly. Peace in the middle east will never be reached if these issues, and many more, cannot be resolved in a way that pleases both parties The Palestinian conflict has gone on for many years. What has occurred is the conflict within politics. Once again, the lack of separation between church and state has caused unnecessary problems

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Fahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury - 1501 Words

The book that I read for my IRP and will reviewing is Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury. This book was published by Ballantine Publishing group books in october 1953. Ray Bradbury felt that this 179 page book is a masterpiece.and knew this book would become popular. Fahrenheit 451 is a book in the future were the government outlaws books and history is not taught. The main character is Guy Montag he is a fireman, but in his world fireman are different from what they are today. Fireman start fires instead of stopping them. Ordered by the government firemen burn any books they to erase any trace of history. People in society stay inside and watch television where the government keeps them up on the present. Citizens also drive very fast, and listen to seashell radio that are sets attached to their ears. The book starts about Montag coming home from work when he meets his teenage neighbor Clarisse McClellan. The two talk and Clarisse says that she is from a weird family that talk to each other and hang out with each other. She begins to ask questions on how is life is. This Intrested Montag because she different and this makes him attracted to her style. After the meeting Montag starts to question himself on his happiness. After the meeting he goes home and finds that his wife Mildred had overdosed on pills so he calls the hospital. They arrive and use a machine (Montag calls the snake) to pump new blood in her to replace the poisoned blood. While this is happening Montag stepsShow MoreRelatedFahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury719 Words   |  3 PagesThe flash point of paper, or the temperature at which paper will burst in flames, is 451 degrees Fahrenheit. In Fahrenheit 451, written by Ray Bradbury, the main character, Guy Montag, is a â€Å"fireman† in a futuristic society where he and his coworkers start fires, rather than put them out. Books are banned and burned, along with the owner of the book’s house and sometimes even the owner of the book, upon discovery. Technology has taken over in a sense that social interaction between the average personRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury1952 Words   |  8 Pagesis clearly displayed in the plight of Ray Bradbury’s novel about a dystopian American society, Fahrenheit 451, which contains many ideas and bits of content that some people believed should be censored. In fact, one of the reasons that this novel was censored for displaying the dangers of censorship, which is both extremely ironic, and telling as to where this society is going. Thanks to several distributors and oversensitive parents and teachers, Fahrenheit 451 has been banned in many schools overRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury954 Words   |  4 Pages In Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, the author uses allegory (often misinterpreted by readers) to show the dangers of mass media consumption and the decline of reading traditional media. Many readers draw incorrect conclusions (lessons learned) from the book due to how generally the book applies its theme. Government censorship, though an important topic, is not the intended focus of the novel Fahrenheit 451. Finally, Bradbury’s original message of the book shows the beauty of traditional media andRead MoreFahr enheit 451 By Ray Bradbury1592 Words   |  7 PagesWhen writing the introduction to Fahrenheit 451, author Neil Gaiman stated that â€Å"ideas--written ideas--are special. They are the way we transmit our stories and our thoughts from one generation to the next. If we lose them, we lose our shared history†. Gaiman is absolutely correct; especially because what he is saying heavily applies to books. Books are a critical aspect in shaping humanity as a whole, they create and share a network of creative ideas, history, and overall entertainment; to loseRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury918 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Fahrenheit 451,† written by Ray Bradbury, is a futuristic, dystopian novel based upon a society secluded by technology and ignorance. In this future society, books are outlawed and firemen are presented with the task of burning books that are found in people’s homes. Montag, a fireman, finds himself intrigued with the books, and begins to take t hem home and read them. As the story progresses, Montag learns the truth behind why books are outlawed and flees his city to join the last remnants of age-oldRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury847 Words   |  4 PagesSet Knowledge On Fire The book Fahrenheit 451 is a postmodern work by Ray Bradbury first published in 1951. In Bradbury’s story, all books are illegal and are subject to be burned by firemen. Furthermore, the two predominant themes of Fahrenheit 451 are censorship and ignorance. The censorship implemented over the years removes all information from society that is necessary to learn, which accomplishes to prevent people from questioning anything. The ignorance of society has been fostered and theRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury1661 Words   |  7 Pages1.) In the novel, Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, Montag’s view on life reverses. Two characters the influence the main character Guy Montag are the old lady whose house and books were burnt down and Mildred. The old lady was caught preserving books in her home. Firemen including Montag were ordered to burn the books. The old lady refused to leave her books, so she too was burned. She bravely gave an allusion as her last words, â€Å"Play the man,’ she said, ‘Master Ridley.’ Something, somethingRead MoreFahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury818 Words   |  4 PagesFAHRENHEIT 451 BY RAY BRADBURY Important People in Montag’s Life In Partical Fulfillment Of English 2 Ms Irina Abramov By Helen Hernandez November 9, 2012 â€Å"There are worse crimes than burning books. One of them is not reading them† -Ray Bradbury. In the past there were events that affected book writers. People will get together to burn books because they thought it was inappropriate or they were against their literature. Montag is a fireman in a futuristic society who would startRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury863 Words   |  4 PagesThe novel, Fahrenheit 451 was written by Ray Bradbury and it took place in the dystopian future. Throughout each novel, we are able to see a major theme, which is censorship. In this essay, I will explain how this theme are explored in the story by using the literary devices. To begin with, in this novel, censorship is not given a straight description, but we can see how the author shows it through many literary elements, such as using the setting, tone and symbolisms even foreshadowing. This novelRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury1544 Words   |  7 PagesRay Bradbury, the author of Fahrenheit 451, expresses his perspective on life in an interview. His interview contains a common theme: Do what you love, and love what you do (Bradbury). Bradbury sends a message in his interview that people should love life, and live to the fullest because he believes life is a beautiful thing. Although Bradbury no longer can demonstrate his love for life his message still lives in the pages of Fahrenheit 451. The Government of the society in the novel has told their

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Imperialism - 797 Words

Associate Program Material Appendix A American Imperialism Part 1 Complete the chart by identifying the following: Identify the countries or areas where the United States engaged in countries or areas where the United States engaged in imperialistic actions during the period from about 1870 to 1914. Discuss why each area was important to American empire building—political, economic, and social. Explain America’s expansionist ideals. What were some factors that justified American imperialist actions? Identify the current political status of these places in relation to the United States. Age of Imperialism: 1870 to 1914 Place | Why was there interest? | U.S. actions | Status today | EXAMPLE:Alaska | The U.S.†¦show more content†¦The Spanish war gave the United States an empire. At the end of the Spanish war the United States took Spanish colonies such as Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and many other islands. The creation of the American Empire leads to the end of the Spanish Empire. The United States wanted to build up the countries so that markets would open up and purchase American goods and to improve the American economy. Do you think the United States is currently an imperialist country? Why or why not? No I do not think the United States is an imperialist Country. We do not try or even want to take over any other countries. We want to buy their products instead, and sell our products to them. Also when the United States attacks another country it is out of defense, we only support wars that are in self-defense. During WWI we took no possessions as our own, and prevented others from doing this. During WWII we helped to rebuild Japan and Germany instead of taking control, and returned full power to the Filipino Government. In the Korea and Vietnam War we came to the aide of both countries. During the Afghanistan war we fought and are still assisting then Government until we are no longer needed. Cite and reference all information sources consistent with Associate Level Writing Style Handbook guidelines. The New Imperialism.(2000). Retrieved April 29, 2012 fromShow MoreRelatedAppendix a American Imperialism1314 Words   |  6 PagesAssociate Program Material Appendix A American Imperialism Part 1 Complete the chart by identifying the following: Identify the countries or areas where the United States engaged in imperialistic actions during the period from about 1870 to 1914. Discuss why each area was important to American empire building—political, economic, and social. Explain America’s expansionist ideals. What were some factors that justified American imperialist actions? Identify the currentRead MoreThe American Imperialism Essay558 Words   |  3 Pagesabout American imperialism and its behavior. Historians such as William A. Williams, Arthur Schlesinger, and Stephen Kinzer provides their own vision and how America ought to be through ideas centered around economics, power, and racial superiority. Economics becomes a large factor in the American imperialism; but more specifically that expansion in foreign markets is a vital part in the growth of America. As historian Charles Beard puts it, â€Å"[it] is indispensable to the prosperity of American businessRead MoreA Brief History of American Imperialism1391 Words   |  6 Pageseventual spread of the American nation beyond the Mississippi into Native and French land, referred to as â€Å"Manifest Destiny† by John O’Sullivan, was rationalized as a realization of their God given duty. The Louisiana Purchase set the precedent for unrestricted westward expansion in America, and allowed for others to follow in his footsteps. Characterized by racist overtones, a lack of the â€Å"consent of the governed, and ethnic cleansing, there is no valid distinction between this American continental expansionRead MoreEssay On American Imperialism1265 Words   |  6 Pagesbook, Our Country, about why the United States should su pport imperialism. He himself is American, but where exactly in America is unknown. It is important that this established, as it makes it easier to understand his motivations for promoting what he thinks are best interests for America. The exact date of this publication is not given, but further research states it is from 1885. At around 1885 was a period of time where imperialism was a concept which was spreading quickly to many large countriesRead MoreAmerican Imperialism Research Study Essay1423 Words   |  6 PagesAssociate Program Material Appendix A American Imperialism Part 1 Complete the chart by identifying the following: †¢ Identify the countries or areas where the United States engaged in imperialistic actions during the period from about 1870 to 1914. †¢ Discuss why each area was important to American empire building—political, economic, and social. †¢ Explain America’s expansionist ideals. What were some factors that justified American imperialist actions? †¢ Identify the current politicalRead MoreAn Exercise Of American Imperialism1381 Words   |  6 Pages1846-1848: Southward Aggression II,† argues that the Mexican War was indeed an exercise of American imperialism. Throughout his presidency, James K. Polk made a promise to the American people to honor Manifest Destiny, expanding the territory of the United States to the Pacific Ocean. Polk was blinded by his tunnel vision, and was more than willing to pay the cost of thousands of Mexican lives (over twice as many as Americans) in pursuit of his goal. The Mexican government was weak, so, Polk took advantageRead MoreAmerican Imperialism - Essay997 Words   |  4 PagesAmerican Imperialism has been a part of United States history ever since the American Revolution. Imperialism is the practice by which large, powerful nations seek to expand and maintain control or influence on a weaker nation. Throughout the years, America has had a tendency to take over other peoples land . America had its first taste of Imperialistic nature back when Columbus came to America almost five hundred years ago. He fought the inhabitants with no respect for their former way of life,Read MoreThe Rise of American Imperialism Essay927 Words   |  4 PagesThe Rise of American Imperialism The idea of American Imperialism had both its advocates and its critics. One only needs to look at a map to see which side won. America has greatly expanded since its own phase as a colony of the greatest European Empire of the time. America became her own Empire through the accusation of vast territories through many different mean. Sometimes she purchases the mighty morsel, sometimes she forms it #8230; by the natural increase of her own people, sometimesRead MoreAmerican Imperialism: Characteristics903 Words   |  4 PagesAmerican Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century extended from several characteristics of America and American society, including but not limited to exceptionalism and manifest destiny. While these beliefs not only supported and manifested the perpetual effort to exploit and later completely oppress and subjugate the Native American populations within its borders, they also supported the later establishment of reservations and the practice of Native American boarding school education. But, AmericanRead MoreAmerican Imperialism And Expansion Of America Essay943 Words   |  4 Pages American Imperialism and Expansion What is American Imperialism? It is the influences that the United States makes on other countries. Some of the influences are economics, military, and culture. Expansionism is conquering those countries and taking over the land. Without imperialism and expansionism, our county would not be as big and productive as it is in today s society. In the nineteenth century, Many Americans saw western expansionism as the nation s manifest destiny. It

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Requirements Terms Technological Process †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Requirements In Terms Of Technological Process? Answer: Introduction Woolworths Limited in regarded as one of the companies having a vast retail interest throughout New Zealand and Australia. It as well follows particular IT strategy to carry out their business with the implementation of the modern technologies to carry out their work (woolworthsgroup, 2017). It is the most attractive supermarket based on the program of loyalty. It has the biggest chain of supermarket and it has its operations in 996 stores across the country Australia. It is considered the second largest company of Australia. It has specialty in grocery, which focuses on delivering the best quality based products to the customers. It is the house of favorite brands of Australia and they are committed in giving the lowest prices to Australians every day (woolworthsgroup, 2017). The aspiration of the group, which makes the customers and team to work safely together and safety, is termed as an important value and it makes sure that the business is carried out in a more systematic way th rough the implementation of the proper IS strategy (Van Broos, 2012). The mission of the organization is to deliver the value and quality to their customers. In order to fulfill the needs of the customers, the supermarket employ more than 21, 0000 team members who would be in the position to serve 30 million customers across the brands every week. Woolworths is also a trustworthy business partner of the local manufacturers and farmers. The Woolworths store in the world, which uses the registers of cash, gives its customers its print receipts (woolworthsgroup, 2017). To keep this nature of business in mind, it is important to discuss the structure of the governance and its policies in the organization (Van Broos, 2012). The important roles that are being played by the corporate officers in the organization. Along with this, it is significant to point out the governmental policies and structures, which reflects on the regulatory requirements. In what ways the organization addresses and mitigates risk. Lastly the impacts and internal changes in the organization, which might affect the working of the organization. Governance structure, process and policies Governance structure The Governance structure of the Woolsworth organization has set forth a number of important documents and policies (woolworthsgroup, 2017). The structure of the organization reflects on the working of the organization of Australia and how they accordingly carry out the processes of business. The Board Committees of the Woolworths group of Australia includes Audit Committee IT committee Compliance and Risk Committee Committee on Sustainability Ethics and Social Committee Committee of Nominations Committee of Remuneration Board Charter, terms of Governance and Reference Policies Governance process of Woolworths group The Boards act is regarded as an important custodian of the corporate governance which incorporates the ethical responsibilities and principles based on ethics, which drives a set of directions in a route where the specific areas of the governance are needed to be approached, conducted and addressed through the process of IS strategy (woolworthsgroup, 2017; Van Broos, 2012) . It has remained responsible to the transparency and accountable to the fundamentals that would give safeguard to the values of the stakeholders. The group contains a unitary board, which consists of 15 directors, among them ten is regarded as the directors of non-executive and five executive directors (Scholes, 2015; Tricker Tricker, 2015). Audit Committee: The function of the committee is to provide an overall view of the effectiveness about the controls of the internal financial matter, in order to give assistance the board in monitoring to understand the adherence of the Annual Financial statement of the company and the related external reports. IT committee: The role of the IT committee is to look through the proper capital projects and can make the proper development and implementation, which is related to IT. It checks the growth of the important indicators of performance which incorporate the delivery of the money (Slack, 2015). Risk and Compliance committee: The role of the committee is to give assistance to the board to set a direction about how risk would be approached and mitigated while embracing the inclusiveness of the approach of stakeholders Committee on Sustainability: The primary role of the committee is to give assurance about the strategies of sustainable developments position in the group as the leader in the retail where its presence is operational. It also makes sure that the initiatives based on sustainability, its objectives are properly taken into consideration into the functions of business, and to make sure the group operates in a more responsible manner while aligning with the needs of society. Ethics and Social Committee: The role of the committee is to make sure about the activities of the group which are intended to be responsible citizen of corporate world. To give assistance to the board of an ethical organizational culture, by overseeing the conduct of a group, its approach and the manner in which the business would be conducted (woolworthsgroup, 2017) Committee of Nominations: its basic role is to give assistance to the boards with nominations, elections and appointing the directors to make sure that a transparent and process of accountability to indicate the composition of the board and committee (Slack, 2015). Committee of remuneration: The significant role of this committee is to give assurance that the value proposition of the employee promotes responsible, transparent and reasonable practices of the employment while adopting the policies of remuneration. It also makes sure that the establishment of perfect framework of remuneration and also adopting the policies of remuneration (woolworthsgroup, 2017). Board charter: The deliberations of the board are to give guidance and support by the authority of delegations, both of which have been annually reviewed. The authority of deliberations set forth the matters of delegation by the board to its committees and the groups of the executive officers. Governance IT based policies of Woolsworth group Continuous Disclosure policy: It assists the company with its obligations under the act of Corporations Act of 2001 and the listing rules of ALX. It establishes a framework to allow the Woolworths to provide the market and shareholders with direct, timely and equal access to the information, which has to be relevant about the company. It promotes in the confidence in the investor while integrating with the Woolworths and its securities. Trading Policy: Trading with the organization follows Transaction Delivery Network, which is regarded as an important electronic document (woolworthsgroup, 2017; Bodie, 2013). The B2BE TDN also initiates the connection between the other B2BE solutions and products. The groups trading policy maintains and promotes the reputation of the company. The policy details out the law, which are related to the trading insider, and details of the requirements of the company is related to the dealings of both Woolsoworths and other companies. The policy applies to the group of directors, employees and officers, consultants as well as the contractors (Wintoki, Linck Neter, 2012). Safety and health policy: the organization cares about the safety and health of the customers, team members, visitors and the business partners. They follow the principles of actively showing care to each other, being responsible for the decisions, which are needed to be taken. The company looks forward to apply the risk management to prevent the illness and injuries (woolworthsgroup, 2017). The organization looks forward to align with the laws and the other external requirements. The organization as well looks forward to provide information, instructions on training and the supervision so that the members of the team carry out the work appropriately and safely. Also the organization makes sure that the safety and health information is available (Wintoki, Linck Neter, 2012). Communication policy: In addition to initiating a communication on the regular basis with the stakeholders through the use of websites, the company utilizes its Annual General Meeting (AGM) as an opportunity to engage with the companys stakeholders and seek their work on the companys management. Woolworths also provide stakeholders who cannot attend the meeting with an opportunity to give the questions when the meeting is in advance. The company through this policy also allows the stakeholders lodge their electronically proxies (Bodie, 2013). The corporate officers and their roles Gordon Cairns as Chairman: The role of the chairman is to manage and provide leadership to the Directors of Board of the company (Goetsch, 2014). He is accountable to Board and performs as a direct communication between the management of the company and the board, through the CEO. Brad Banducci as a managing director and CEO: The leadership of a CEO is ultimately responsible for the day to day decisions of the management and also implementing the long and short term plans of the company (Goetsch, 2014). It acts as a communication between the management of the company and board and communicates to the board on the behalf of management (woolworthsgroup, 2017). William Stone as IT manager: The company follows IS strategy which incorporate the human capital management, cost management, Management of hardware and software and also looks forward to mitigate on the risk management. He works closely with the budget of business and other departments of legal within the sphere of organization. Julian Broadbent as an Independent non- executive Director: He is not engaged in the management on the day-to-day basis, but he is involved in the process of policymaking. Addition to this, the directors who are non- executive has the responsibilities to incorporate the monitoring of the director and acting according to the interest of the stakeholders of company (woolworthsgroup, 2017; Carroll Buchholtz, 2014). Holly Kramer as an independent non-executive director: Its role is to create a contribution to the board by giving an oversight of constructive challenges to the directors. Kenneth Jones as policy maker must be engaged in the consultation process. The role of the policy maker is to procure information in a careful process through the process of consultation. The development of the policies inculcates the collection of the statistical information, chairing the forums based on discussions and trying to seek information from the outside of the organization. Richard Dammery as a Chief Legal Officer: A chief legal officer which started trading the company in order to minimize its risks by giving advice to the officers of the company and the board members on any types of regulatory or legal issues (Carroll Buchholtz, 2014). Regulatory requirements The Governance wants its vendors to align with their lawful obligations in every respect. This is a condition, which is based in supply. The standard of WQA is not determined to carry out its operation as a replacement for the vendor which gives assurance about the compliance with all the regulatory products based on safety labeling the requirements and compositional (Hall, Gardner Faraone, 2012). By rendering the standard of WQA, the organization cannot realize the Vendor from the obligations in order to comply, in the field of respects with those requirements, which are statutory. By following the act of Gramm-Leach-Bliley, it renders protection to the privacy and security about the customers and letting the customers not to disclose their information. The proper IT strategy is to maintain certain important points in mind (Hall, Gardner Faraone, 2012). To establish and implementation of the controls Give protection to the compliances issues. Identify and correct the deviations and vulnerabilities. Providing report which can give proof on the compliance of the organization. The references below would provide about an overview of the regulatory considerations for the business of Woolworths. FSANZ developed the standard of food and joint codes of practices with the industries which is covering the content about the food labeling which would be sold to Australia and New Zealand. The NMI implements the measures of trade in relation to Australia. Products for the consumers: Australia The TGA is the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) which is providing safeguard to the public health and safety through the regulation of the medical devices, medicines, tissues and blood (Coffee et al., 2015). Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods, which stands for ARTG, is a database of computer of the goods, which are therapeutic. The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) is an authority of Government who is responsible for assessing and registering the pesticides and the veterinary medicines for their regulation to incorporate the points of the sale of retail (woolworthsgroup, 2017). ACCC which stands for Australian Competition and Consumer Commission which is an authority of statutory which is responsible for ensuring the individuals and being compliance with the business with the competition of the commonwealth, protection of the consumer laws and a fair trading. The payment Card industry and the information of the cardholder security program (CISP) and the main purpose is to render protection against the exposure of the card holder which ensures the merchants, members and the service holders to control the information of the highest security standard (woolworthsgroup, 2017). The Governance structure of the organization reflects on the proper regulatory requirements and it also focuses on the fact that with the maintenance of the proper regulations with the channels of communication and rendering protection to the customers as whole. Risk Management The Board of the Woolworths Group accepts the responsibility for the risk of the governance. The Board takes into account about the risk management as an important business which incorporate Balancing of the risks and giving rewards to both new and existing initiatives Protection of the organization against any kinds of hazards and uncertainties. It takes into consideration about the exploitation of the opportunities which can bring improvements to the performances of the group. It focuses on the strategy, operational and financial risks. The responsibilities on the day to day basis have been identified and management of the risks stays with the management (woolworthsgroup, 2017; McNeil, Frey Embrechts, 2015). The management is responsible for the designing of the board, implementation and monitoring the system and the process of the risk management to unite with the activities on the day-to-day basis. The risk management has been decentralized into the operations of business functions. The management of risk has turned into a standardized discipline business and its application is consistent throughout the group (Wintoki, Linck Neter, 2012; McNeil, Frey Embrechts, 2015). The process of the risk management is added with the business and strategic planning which is embedded through the management of the organization, the performance of the system of the management and the reporting based on management. The operation under the terms of reference which has been approved by the board, the committee of the risk gives report to the Board which further elaborates on the risk which are deemed necessary for the process of discussion and the evaluation by the directors. The risk and compliance committees chairman are basis on the important issues to the Board and the risky profile is given on the table yearly (McNeil, Frey Embrechts, 2015) The framework of the risk management was processed and designed to give assistance to the board to give assurance that the monitor of the management continually risks and gives report back to the compliance committee of the risk on the basis of the status of risks. Information technology and Governance is responsible for controlling the governance about the other aspects of the IT, which incorporate the management risk and the compliances. The quarterly based IT report is discussed at each committee of the Risk and Compliance committee (woolworthsgroup, 2017; McNeil, Frey Embrechts, 2015). The framework of Governance, which is accepted internationally, made a confirmation that the maturity of the process of IT is desired with the levels of maturity. The assurance based on independence by the internal audit made a confirmation. The Group of the organization also made the progress is developing the appetite of the risk for managing the important risks that could be materially impacted on the business. Accordingly, the important metrics of risks have been grown with the integration of the important indicators which are clearly defined (Kaplan Mikes, 2012). Improvements Woolworths agreed on the three contracts to bring improvements in its business which is earning A$1.5 billion in the proceeds of gross as the biggest grocer of Australia revenue seeks for a return to the profitability (Laudon Laudon, 2016). The deal incorporates the selling of Woolworths hardware group and home timber to the smaller rival name Metcash for A$165 million. Woolworths is also looking forward to close down its sixty- one number of master properties and 20 sites of development to the group of investors in the Home consortium (Laudon Laudon, 2016; Easterby, Thorpe Jackson, 2012). The decision taken which means the management cans concenrate on the important business. According to the CEO of the Woolworths group, the agreement provides certainty to the masters team of the organization, customers and suppliers. It is considered as an appropriate resolution for the shareholders. The share of the Woolworths have nearly lost 30% of the value since the year 2014 (woolworthsgroup, 2017; Cummings Worley, 2014). The Woolworths needs to manage its inventory or else the shelves of the store cannot control the proper balance between the customer demand and the appropriate amount of merchandise and would fail to know the customer demand (Lam, 2014). In order to maintain the margin, the Woolworths group is needed to cut out its cost in order to satisfy the customers. The team of the process design must continue to engage the communication of business through the organization which is process centric and providing benefits to the different projects (Lam, 2014). The organization must focus on the return policies, analyze the complaints in order to reduce the problems for future use. Give training to the employees and must look forward to work with the customers in a much more professional manner. Conclusion: Therefore, to conclude it could be stated that Woolworths holding is a famous organization in the organization and it follows certain IT management strategy in terms of handling matters in the organization. It follows a systematic and proper structure which incorporate different committees and how each of the committee is carrying out their work. The process of the corporate governance likes to see forward about utilizing the IT management skills in terms of constructing policies and implementing them properly in terms of maintaining the proper guidelines of the organization. The corporate officers also play an important role while carryout the functions of the organization. However, the regulatory requirements follow the concepts of IT management while carrying out their working sphere smooth. Certain rules and regulations are being guided by the It management to carry out the smooth working of the firm. Next, it is been discussed how the organization would follow certain policies i n order to bring improvements in its sectors by developing a plan for 2- 3 years References Bodie, Z. (2013).Investments. McGraw-Hill. Carroll, A., Buchholtz, A. (2014).Business and society: Ethics, sustainability, and stakeholder management. Nelson Education. Coffee Jr, J. C., Sale, H., Henderson, M. T. (2015). Securities regulation: Cases and materials. Cummings, T. G., Worley, C. G. (2014).Organization development and change. Cengage learning. Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R., Jackson, P. R. (2012).Management research. Sage. Goetsch, D. L., Davis, S. B. (2014).Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Hall, P. S., Gardner, P., Faraone, A. (2012). Antenna requirements for software defined and cognitive radios.Proceedings of the IEEE,100(7), 2262-2270. Kaplan, R. S., Mikes, A. (2012). Managing risks: a new framework. Lam, J. (2014).Enterprise risk management: from incentives to controls. John Wiley Sons. Laudon, K. C., Laudon, J. P. (2016).Management information system. Pearson Education India. McNeil, A. J., Frey, R., Embrechts, P. (2015).Quantitative risk management: Concepts, techniques and tools. Princeton university press. Scholes, M. S. (2015).Taxes and business strategy. Prentice Hall. Slack, N. (2015).Operations strategy. John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Tricker, R. B., Tricker, R. I. (2015).Corporate governance: Principles, policies, and practices. Oxford University Press, USA. Van Marrewijk, A., Broos, M. (2012). Retail stores as brands: performances, theatre and space.Consumption Markets Culture,15(4), 374-391. Wintoki, M. B., Linck, J. S., Netter, J. M. (2012). Endogeneity and the dynamics of internal corporate governance.Journal of Financial Economics,105(3), 581-606. woolworthsgroup. (2017).Woolworths Group: Quality Brands and Trusted Retrieved 12 September 2017, from

Thursday, April 9, 2020

A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner †A Review Essay Example

A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner – A Review Essay A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner is an important addition to documented American history. The American Civil War and its aftermath is a critical period in the nation’s history and one that profoundly influenced subsequent socio-political developments. The Civil War would have its most important effect on the lives of millions of African American slaves, as a large proportion of them would be decreed ‘free’ toward the end of the war. Having achieved this concession from their white masters, African Americans would rejoice their newly won liberties and rights in the years following the war – also referred by historians as the period of Reconstruction. Eric Foner’s book offers an in-depth analysis and commentary on this crucial period in American history. Since there are already numerous books dealing with the Reconstruction era, the necessity for yet another authorial perspective and interpretation is to be questioned. But Foner a nswers such questions satisfactorily in the book, making it a valuable (if not the definitive) resources on the subject for students of history, culture and political science. Throughout the book Foner maintains an unequivocal stance on the failure of the Reconstruction project. The acceding of eleven defeated Southern states into the Union was going to be a highly challenging process, given the cultural and political dissimilarities between the two formerly warring factions. Indeed, the inviability of this proposition had what ultimately led to the abandonment of Reconstruction efforts; and much of the bipartisanship seen in American politics today is a testament to this deep fissure in the country’s socio-political fabric. Author Eric Foner understands well the importance of connecting the past to the present and throughout the book the reader is able to see the contemporary relevance of events of a bygone era. Immediately after the Civil War an atmosphere of euphoria prevailed, when the intellectuals and common people alike dreamt of a radically new American society. But as the initial excitement of the Reconstruction era faded out, people ca me to the realization that old, entrenched institutions would not dismantle readily. In many ways the Civil Rights movement that occurred a century later was precipitated by the failure of the Reconstruction project. And Foner implies that the progress of American society had been held back for a hundred years, during which many of the injustices prevalent prior to the Civil War had continued unabated, albeit in less oppressive forms. We will write a custom essay sample on A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner – A Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner – A Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on A Short History of Reconstruction by Eric Foner – A Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Where Foner also succeeds is in capturing the intricate political and economic complexities of the Reconstruction era. There is a tendency among contemporary scholars to give simplistic explanations for the overall failure of the project. But Foner does not fall into this mode as he gives detailed explanations (including making references to the dominant economic policy paradigms of the time). That the emancipation of black Americans was a bottom-up process rather than vice-versa is emphasized by the author. While often the key role played by white political leaders and a few black radical thinkers are mentioned, the cumulative political force of ordinary and obscure black slaves is usually discounted. But Foner gives emphasis to the latter and documents at length the small but vital contributions made by thousands of blacks during the Civil War. In essence, Foner succeeds in illustrating how the thrust toward emancipation was a grass-roots movement. At places like this, Foner ’s style and tone of argument is similar to that of Howard Zinn – another great contemporary historian. But Foner doesn’t employ subaltern narrative perspectives to the extent Zinn does. The perusal of anecdotal first-hand accounts of those who participated and survived the war is another attractive aspect of the book, but conservative historians wouldn’t approve of this technique. But in the book in question, it works very well and infuses an element of authenticity to historical accounts. There are passages in the book when the reader is overwhelmed by the poignant emotions they evoke. One such is the depiction of black Americans’ exhibition of bravery in the battle grounds. Despite historical injustices suffered by them, they joined forces with fellow Unionists and staked their lives for the promise of emancipation. The author puts such sacrifices in the context of the fruits they bore. In other words, looking back at the 150 years since the ushering of the Reconstruction era, one sees examples of tokenism without much substance behind them. Admittedly, the station of blacks and other minorities in the country has improved over the years, but these improvements don’t add up to deem them as equal citizens to their white counterparts. As Foner subtly reminds the reader, today the practice of discrimination against blacks continues in politics, commerce and broader society, although their manifestation has taken more palatable forms. As for where the book falls short, it surely lacks the rigorousness of research and presentation that the unabridged version ‘Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution’ possessed. But this deficiency is reasonably compensated by the author by compressing most of the unabridged content into a concise yet factual narrative. Hence, for the numerous other merits associated with the book, it is highly recommended for scholars as well as the general audience. Reference: Eric Foner, â€Å"A Short History of Reconstruction†, published by HarperCollins in 1989.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Let me not to the marriage of true minds, by William shakespeare.

Let me not to the marriage of true minds, by William shakespeare. ''Let me not to the marriage of true minds'' by William Shakespeare is an Elizabethan sonnet of 14 lines divided in three Quatrains and the habitual rhyming couplet. In this particular poem Shakespeare uses a complete different approach, luring the reader by achieving a dramatic change of style.Although keeping the simple A/B/A/B/C/D/C/D/E/F/E/F/G/G rhyming scheme, providing the sonnet with an harmonious, fluid sound and giving it the pleasant impression of a light-hearted song ''Let me not to the marriage of true minds'' does not fulfill all the typical criteria's Shakespearian sonnet, the subject evoked being without comparison to his previous pieces.Shakespeare deliberately takes an idealistic turn, praising love in it's purest form, where it is not only a simple feeling, but a synergy of the souls, where obstacles seem meaningless on the road of happiness, where no Impediments can be admitted in the ''marriage of true minds''.William ShakespeareThis great respect for love is alre ady announced by the poet in the very title, as he preaches that he shall not come in between of love ''Let me not to the marriage of true minds'' nor accept any impediments to destroy this permanent bond.''Love is not love which alters when alliteration finds {....} or bends with the remover to remove...'' Here the author makes a strong statement, claiming that true love is strong, constant and can be in no way alliterated by adversity or the hands of time. If altered or shaken by a ''remover'', proven impermanent by time as it was not apt to endure the arising obstacles in its path, this love is thus not comparable to the ''true love'' the author makes allusion to, ''love is not love''.True love is indeed an ''ever-fixed mark'', an unfailing variable 'that looks on...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Business Environment and the Analysis of the Financial Health of Bank Essay - 1

Business Environment and the Analysis of the Financial Health of Bank of America Corporation - Essay Example The study discusses the impact of globalization on the business strategies of Bank of America Corporation (BAC). The Bank of America Corporation is a Delaware Corporation in addition to being a ‘bank holding company’ as well as a financial holding company. It is headquartered in Charlotte in North California. BAC provides a varying array of banking as well as nonbanking financial products and services all over the United States in addition to certain overseas markets, through their banking and nonbanking subsidiaries. BAC functions in six business divisions, namely, Deposits, Global Commercial Banking, Global Card Services, Global Banking & Markets, Home Loans & Insurance, and Global Wealth & Investment Management. As of December 2010, BAC operates in all the states of the United States of America and 40 other countries across the world. BAC caters around 80% of the population of the United States through their retail banking segment. The business environment and the mar kets in which the BAC carries out its business are dynamically influenced by the developments in the economies of the US and other countries. In the year 2010, the worldwide economy continued to recuperate, though the growth was not even across the various regions. The US, the UK, and Europe showed modest growth, while the countries like China, Brazil, and India demonstrated rapid expansion. The US economy started to improve at the beginning of 2010 as a result of reasonable development in consumption level as well as inventory rebuilding in the nation. However, the growth slowed down in the mid of 2010 as a result of the escalation of the financial calamity in Europe. Nevertheless, notwithstanding the modest economic augmentation in 2010, BAC generated free cash flows worth $1.5 trillion from their nonfinancial businesses as a result of their vigilant financial practices in the business. Furthermore, the credit quality of bank loans improved considerably in the year 2010 and the co ntinuous economic revival enhanced the atmosphere for bank lending. Since the latter part of 2010, bank commercial as well as industrial loans amplified, illustrating augmented loan demand as a result of stronger production and capital spending in addition to inventory building.